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The vast majority of production is for crushing to create oil
and meal. Around 10 million tonnes of product are exported
(fromCanada,Ukraine,Australia) and imported (toJapan,
EU-27,China,Mexico). These figures exclude intra-EU
It is worth noting that while China is a net importer, it is
also the largest producer of rapeseed with production of around 10
million tonnes per year.Indiais the third largest producer
globally, with 13% of arable land used for rapeseed production.
Yield per hectare varies widely depending upon the soil/climate and
intensity of farming methods. Yields vary from 0.89 tonnes per
hectare inPakistan, to 4.23 tonnes per hectare in Germanyand
average yields inEuropeare around 3 tonnes per hectare.
The oilseed crops planted inEuropeare predominantly rapeseed,
sunflower and soya. Of these, rapeseed accounts for around two
thirds of the approximately 30 million tonnes produced inEurope.
EU-27 is a net importer of around 1.73 million tonnes of rapeseed
per year, in addition to the 20 million tonnes produced.Germanyis
the largest importer from within the EU- 27 market, sourcing much
of their additional supply fromFrance.
Across the world, 45 million hectares of land has been taken out
of production since the 1990's including 7 million hectares
inEuropeunder the set-aside scheme. It is estimated that by 2040
the availability of arable land in the European Union for non-food
crops will be 33 million hectares - sufficient to supply 11% of
today's transport fuel consumption based on current
From an agricultural perspective, biofuels offer farmers an
additional market opportunity allowing growth in crops in which the
region can lead the world, such as high starch wheat and rapeseed.
An additional benefit for growers is that the biofuel market can
use grain and oilseed which has resulted from poor growing
conditions, when it would otherwise be rejected by the food
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